A mountain range is a geographical feature that consists of a series of mountains and valleys that resemble veins, extending in a certain direction. The composition of a mountain range includes the main mountain (trunk), major branches, minor branches, and residual veins.
These ranges vary in length around the world, with some being longer than others. In this article, we will take a look at the ranking of the world's longest mountain ranges.
The Andes are the longest mountain range on land, located on the west coast of South America. This mountain range, belonging to the Cordillera Mountains, has a total length of more than 8,900 kilometers, almost three and a half times longer than the Himalayas.
Spanning the South American continent, the Andes are called "the backbone of South America." With an average altitude of 3,660 meters, it is the highest mountain range in the world after Asia. There are many peaks with an altitude of over 6,000 meters, which are covered in snow all year round, creating a stunning spectacle from a distance.
2. Rocky Mountains
The Rocky Mountains are the backbone of the American Cordillera Mountains in North America. They are composed of many small mountains and are known as the backbone of North America.
The Rocky Mountains run more than 4,800 kilometers from north to south, making them the second-longest mountain range in the world, after the Andes. The Rocky Mountains have a diverse climate, and almost all major rivers in North America originate from them.
They boast many magnificent natural wonders, which are spectacular in the changing seasons, forming a series of stunning masterpieces.
3. The Transantarctic Mountains
The Transantarctic Mountains are one of the three main mountain ranges of the Antarctic continent, extending from Victoria Land to the Weddell Sea, with a total length of 3,500 kilometers. The mountain range divides Antarctica into East and West Antarctica, with an average altitude of 4,000 meters.
4. Appalachian Mountains
The Appalachian Mountains are located in the eastern United States and are one of the oldest mountain ranges on Earth, formed 480 million years ago during the Ordovician period.
This huge mountain system in eastern North America has a total length of nearly 3,200 kilometers and a width of 130 to 560 kilometers. It forms a natural barrier between the eastern coastal zone and the vast lowlands in the interior of the mainland. The main peak, Mitchell Peak, has an altitude of 2037 meters.
5. The Great Dividing Range Mountains
The mountains and plateaus north of the seven continents of New South Wales, Australia, are collectively known as the Great Dividing Range Mountains. The entire mountain range stretches for about 3,000 kilometers from north to south, with an average altitude of about 800 to 1,000 meters.
The highest peak is Mount Kosciusko in New South Wales, with an altitude of 2228 meters. It is the highest peak in the Australian continent and the lowest peak in the continents of the world.
6. Tianshan Mountains
The Tianshan Mountains are more than 2,500 kilometers long and are located in the hinterland of Eurasia, in central Asia. They are the farthest mountain range from the ocean in the world.
The mountain range stretches from east to west across China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan, mainly in China. It stretches for 1,700 kilometers and covers an area of more than 570,000 square kilometers.
Mountain ranges are a breathtaking natural phenomenon that varies in length and from around the world. The ranking of the world's longest mountain ranges is a testament to the beauty and diversity of our planet's landscapes.