Hiking is not just a single walk, but a kind of release and catharsis of thoughts. It is not only a road but also a freedom, a yearning.
Hiking not only can see the scenery but also has a lot of benefits for the body.
1. The effect of hiking on muscles and bones
Regular participation in hiking and climbing exercises, the joints, bones, and muscles a good effect, can make the blood circulation of the bones to improve the metabolism of the bones, so that the deposition of calcium and phosphorus in the bones increases, the elasticity, and toughness of the bones increased, and is conducive to the prevention of osteoporosis, slowing down the ageing process of the bones, but also improve the hematopoietic function of the bone marrow.
Scientists' experiments found that after hiking and climbing exercises in high mountain areas, the number of red blood cells per cubic millimetre of blood increased to 5-6 million, and a week or two after descending the mountain red blood cells increased to 8.17 million per cubic millimetre.
Because of the increase in the transport of oxygen, so greatly improve the body's aerobic work capacity, often participating in mountain climbing exercise, and can promote muscle protein synthesis, that muscle toughness, and strength.
2. The impact of hiking and climbing on the nervous system
Regular participation in hiking and climbing exercises can improve the function of the central nervous system, making people energetic, and agile movements, and increasing work efficiency.
It can improve the blood supply to the brain, reduce fatigue and mental tension in the nervous system, and improve the quality of sleep.
3. Hiking and climbing on the cardiovascular system
Hiking and climbing have obvious effects on the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, can remove the cholesterol deposited on the walls of blood vessels, prevent arteriosclerosis and reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases.
It can increase the calibre of heart vessels, increase coronary blood flow, improve the distribution of blood flow in the heart muscle, and improve the ability of the heart muscle to use oxygen, thus achieving the purpose of preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
4. Hiking and climbing on the role of the respiratory system
Hiking can improve the strength of respiratory muscles, help maintain the elasticity of lung tissue, improve the ventilation and ventilation function of the lungs, increase the oxygen absorption capacity, and improve the metabolic level of all organs in the body.
Climbing mountains mostly by the mountains and water, rich vegetation, fresh air, absolutely no pollution, and the air contains more negative oxygen ions.
Negative oxygen ions can improve lung ventilation, regulate nerves, invigorate the spirit, improve sleep, lower blood pressure, stimulate hematopoietic function, have a calming, sedative, hypotensive, and eliminate fatigue effect.
5. Hiking and climbing on the digestive system
Regular participation in hiking and climbing exercises, energy consumption increases, the demand for various nutrients increases, therefore, appetite increases, the function of the digestive system improves, so that the gastrointestinal tract peristalsis strengthens, the secretion of digestive juices increases, and the absorption of nutrients also increases.